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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

By Sonal Parmar on June 13, 2019

One of the most common diseases heard in today's younger generation is PCOD/PCOS. Polycystic ovarian disease (POCD) or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a syndrome with an imbalance of female sex hormones. The ovaries are the part of the female productive system along with the fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina. The ovaries contain the lifetime supplies of eggs. these eggs are immature and are stored in a tiny fluid-filled structure called follicles. The pituitary gland releases an FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) and LH(luteinizing hormone) int the bloodstream that direct the function of the ovary. These hormones have expanded the eggs releasing estrogen. The most mature egg releases an egg and process is called ovulation. If not fertilized the egg and lining are shed during the next menstrual period. Women with PCOS produce higher than the normal amount of LH disrupting the normal menstrual cycle. Due to this the follicle may not mature and may lead to infertility. Some of the follicles do not dissolve may remain in the follicles forming cysts. Also, a higher level of insulin might be found in the blood. The higher level of LH and insulin produce testosterone in the ovaries thus preventing ovulation. High Level of testosterone also causes Acne, abnormal hair growth.

Having PCOD raises your risk of :

  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • High Blood pressure
  • Cholesterol abnormalities in the blood 
  • Endometrial cancer
Since there is no cure, the doctor may recommend one or more medications, such as:
  • Hormonal birth control which preventing pregnancy also regulate your menstrual cycle and reduces testosterone production in your ovaries 
  • Anti-androgen drugs produce normal hair growth and acne 
  • Metformin that lowers your insulin level and regulates your menstrual cycle.
  • Fertility medication that will help you in stimulating your ovulation.


One must consult their gynecologist and go for a checkup. PCOS treatment usually commences by adopting a healthy lifestyle and making necessary changes like weight loss, diet, and exercise. Moreover, a low glycemic index diet that gets most carbohydrates from fruits, vegetables, and whole grains assist in regulating the menstrual cycle better than a regular weight loss diet. In addition to these, birth control pills and other medicines can also regulate the menstrual cycle.

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